Contending for Joy by Dancing through Darkness

photo for blog

A person’s body language is often a powerful indicator of the state of their heart. Emotions are usually revealed in a physical manifestation. How often can you guess how someone may be feeling, just by a simple glance at them walking across the room? Dance, as an intentional expression of the soul, can manifest a myriad of different emotions, and in many societies there are unique dances for all the various occasions/emotions of life. There are dances for births, coming of age, weddings, funerals, religious ceremonies, war victories, and much more. These dances portray a wide spectrum of emotions and meaning.

Yet universally, the primary emotion portrayed through dance is that of joy. Even the littlest among us show this: when my 3 year old is happy, he jumps up and down and wiggles around. Celebrations across the world include dancing. From football players after a touchdown to newlyweds on their long awaited wedding day, joy does not easily stand still.

In the Bible as well, dance is connected with joy as it seen as a spontaneous expression of praise after victories in battle (1 Sam 18:7), deliverances from enemies (Ex 15:20-21), and restoration of things lost and stolen (The Ark of the Covenant (2 Sam 6), the Restoration of Israel (Jer 31:4, 13), and the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:25). It is primarily pictured as the opposite of mourning. “You’ve turned my mourning into dancing; you have loosed my sackcloth and clothed me with gladness. (Ps 30:11)” and Ecc 3:4, There is “a time to mourn, and a time to dance.” In Lamentations 5:15, the prophet is declaring the state of God’s people during a time of judgment and speaks, “The joy of our hearts has ceased; our dancing has been turned to mourning.”

Dancing is an expected and natural expression of joy. Thus it is one clear way to “rejoice” (express joy)  in something or someone. Psalm 149 “Let Israel be glad in his Maker; let the children of zion rejoice in their King! Let them praise his name with dancing…” (Ps 149:3)  and Luke 6:23, “Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, because great is your reward in heaven” make this connection explicit. The people of God in Scripture danced before the Lord as an expression of their joy in the Lord and in His marvelous works on their behalf such as salvation, victory, deliverance, healing, etc.

When people dance for joy, there is always a source of their joy, a reason that is fueling their movements. The source that they are rejoicing in can be any number of things, but it is vitally connected to their hearts and thus their dance.

For believers in Christ, our source of joy is in God himself and the way He has gloriously delivered us out of the bondage of sin and spiritual darkness, and into the freedom of eternal life in the family of God, through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. There is no greater good, and there is no greater joy than fellowshipping with the God in whose presence is fullness of joy (Ps 16:11). Christians have a greater source of joy and reason to dance than any other people on the face of the earth! All of the righteous reasons the people of God danced in the Old Testament were mere glimpses and shadows of the fullness of Salvation that would be accomplished in Christ. The experience of our joy will only increase for all of eternity as we see more and more of the beauty and glory of Christ. There will be an ever increasing reason and ability (in glorified bodies) for us to dance!

Yet that reality often seems distant and unseen. In this world where all has not yet been made right, and tragedy surrounds us, much that is felt is sorrow and darkness, discouragement and despair, loss and sadness, anger and grief. And it is right to mourn and weep over these things. Yet, however terrible and grievous they are, they do not have the final word over believer’s hearts. They are a part of the reality of living in a fallen and broken world, yet they are not our primary reality. God is… and God calls us to remember what is most true, what is eternally true. God calls us to hope even in the midst of dark circumstances. God’s words call us to rejoice at all times (Phil 4). In fact, God even calls us to dance when we are in the midst of intense persecution and suffering, “Blessed are you when people hate you and when they exclude you and revile you and spurn your name as evil, on account of the son of Man! Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven.. (Luke 6:22-23)

Even when I don’t feel like it, I choose to begin dancing because I have a reason to dance–Jesus— the great salvation he has worked for me and the eternal inheritance he has prepared for me in Him. My dance testifies to what is most true about my life. It testifies to my own heart, “Put your hope in God, for I will yet praise him, my Savior and my God. (Ps 43:5)” It testifies to those watching…Jesus is better…the joy of being His is greater than any earthly loss. Jesus is my greatest joy, right in the midst of my greatest sorrow. Most times, my emotions begin to shift. I actually begin to feel joy. The oppressive weight of sorrow breaks, and a peaceful confidence in God’s goodness and promises floods my heart. Yet even when my emotions experience no change, even when I still feel nothing, I know that God is pleased with my sacrifice of praise (Rom 12:1). I know he is honored by my dance of faith, for it speaks the truth of who He is, what He has done, and what will one day surely be.

An Encouraging Development: Theological Discussions Regarding Dance

Recently, there have been several twitter discussions regarding dance in worship that I have come across. The discussions have been encouraging to me because it means that theologians and pastors are taking time to think about this matter and have Biblical and Theological reasons for their position. It is relatively rare that dance is spoken of as a significant topic to address in the church today, and so to see blog posts and twitter feeds and podcasts where theologians are taking time to consider it seriously is an important development in this field. As one who has enjoyed research, writing, and teaching on this subject for close to two decades now, I am painfully aware of the great need for resources to be given to the global Church regarding the place of dance in the Christian’s life and in congregational worship and praise. I enjoyed listening to the podcast Mere Fidelity regarding dancing this evening, and would encourage everyone interested in how to think about dance from a Biblical perspective to listen to it as well.

Dance: A Key to the Human Heart

FullSizeRender “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might.”(Deut. 6:5)  This call leaves no room for half hearted, double minded worship. In His perfect wisdom, He demands we love Him with everything we are.  Yet often we may feel dull and emotionless in the place of worship.  We may be tempted to disengage or end up participating in worship/prayer/church while feeling very empty on the inside.  How are we to understand such conflict at the core of our pursuit of God?

One thing we must remember is the reality of spiritual battle over the affections of our hearts.  Jesus, the true and holy Bridegroom of heaven is at work in the hearts of His beloved ones, “that he might present the church to himself in splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, that she might be holy and without blemish.” Ephesians 5: 27  Jesus has washed our hearts clean and is daily renewing our minds through His Word by the power of the Holy Spirit.  One of the most powerful ways He renews our minds is by opening of the eyes of our heart through the Bible to see the superior beauty of Jesus! This revelation is made to stun our hearts, satisfy us deeply, and make us hungry to see more of Him.  It must also lead us to worship…our gaze fixed on beholding more of His glory.  The evil one works to steal our affections away from Jesus and attach them to “lesser loves” which offer counterfeit beauty and pleasure.  He seeks to dull our eyes (2 Cor 4:4) and numb our hearts so that they no longer respond rightly to Reality but believe a lie…namely that there is someone/something more beautiful and satisfying than Jesus.  By the grace of God, Jesus will have the victory over the hearts of His chosen and Beloved ones and keep us growing increasingly in love for Him rather than the world.  I love the stunning promise of His Word from Jude 24 that He is able to keep you from stumbling and to present you blameless before the presence of his glory with great joy, to the only God, our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion, and authority, before all time and now and forever.

 As we are being kept, so we are by His grace to,  “keep [o]urselves in the love of God, waiting for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ that leads to eternal life” Jude 21.  Offering the movements of our physical bodies as an expression of worship and prayer to the Lord is one means of grace we have been given to “keep ourselves in the love of God”.  This  love, though not merely an emotion, must overflow with joy and delight in the presence of the Lord.  It is a command, “Delight yourself in the Lord” Ps 37:4.   Engaging our bodies in worship is a powerful way to help engage our hearts in worship as well.  How can this be?!

In the good purpose and design of God we have been created as embodied souls.  In this life our bodies can not be separated from our spirit.  After sin came in to the world, the separation of our body and spirit became a reality at death.  Yet this separation is only temporary!  One of the glorious realities of the gospel is that Christ, in taking on human flesh forever, will redeem and resurrect our physical bodies.  The significance of Jesus, the second person of the Trinity, keeping a body for the rest of eternity can not be overestimated!

Our bodies are meant to honor the Lord. 1 Cor 6:19, “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God?  You are not your own, for you were bought with a price.  So glorify God in your body.”  What we do with our bodies, ie., our actions, words, movements are meant to be a direct reflection of our hearts.  Our spirits are likewise affected by what we choose to do with our bodies.  We can not separate ourselves out into disconnected parts.  Jesus means to have all of us!

When my heart feels dull, I have learned that if I will take up the word of God in Scripture and begin to sing it, (such as a psalm) and put expressive movement to it as well, my mind and emotions begin to respond to the truth that my body is expressing. There is nothing magical or mystical taking place. I am simply responding with all that I am to the Lord in faith, and the Reality and Truth of who he is breaks into my heart and renews me. This is what I mean when I say that dance is a way I encounter God. It is not apart from His Word, as if the movements themselves produce a spiritual experience. It is movement produced by a heart response of faith in what I read, flowing back in love to the Source and Savior of my life.

When I dance before the Lord, it is one way among countless ways that I pour out my heart and love to him. In the engaging of my body as an instrument of praise, I find my delight in Jesus increasing and my affections stirred, not primarily because it is enjoyable to dance (though it is that), but because my dance is speaking the truth to my spirit….namely, that who God has revealed himself to be in Christ and what He has accomplished on my behalf (Salvation!) is worthy of extravagant rejoicing.

Silver Under Your Feet

IMG_0008Chugging along on an old -fashioned train ride the through the desert mountains of Virginia City, Nevada, my grandfather’s childhood hometown, my imagination was captured by the history of the place. My great grandfather mined those hills, enduring excruciating conditions and dying young for the hope of the treasure that lay hidden there. While visiting, we toured the school that holds a picture of my grandfather as a child, went on a stage-coach ride, saw a wild west show, and had a fabulous day showing our children some of their family’s history. A few of the stories we heard that day captured my mind in such a way that I have continued to think about them and connect their images to other areas of my life, particularly my thoughts on dance. They have to do with 1) value that was not recognized at first and 2) the refining machine that was developed to process silver. In remarkable ways, they illustrate some of my thoughts on the significance and sanctification of dance for the glory of God.

Unrecognized Treasure

Bouncing along on our train ride, with my children looking out the window, cowboy hats on, looking out the open air windows with wide eyed wonder, the conductor told of when prospectors had first come to these mountains looking for gold.   They encountered a bluish gray rock that they did not recognize and thus discarded in their search for gold. Mounds of this rock piled up on the side of the mountains where the early miners dumped it. Some time later, Mexican immigrants, who were familiar with silver mines in Mexico, pointed out to the other miners that this rock they had been discarding, (and had already paved the streets with) was actually silver ore, containing valuable precious metal.  As they were unfamiliar with silver’s appearance in the midst of the mucky ore, they were throwing away millions of dollars worth of value. As soon as it was called to their attention however, their indifference changed to frenzied excitement and stirrings were felt across the country as thousands flocked there desperate to have a share in the “Comstock Lode”.

The Value of Christ

As I’ve mulled over this story, I’ve wondered how many times I am apt to repeat the same mistake…. discarding something valuable because I do not recognize it. It is vital to have understanding of what I am seeing to be able to appreciate and desire it. In fact, apart from God’s mercy in opening up my eyes to see Jesus Christ for who he really is, I would surely discard him and his Gospel as foolish and worthless. (1 Cor 2:14) Yet he is infinitely valuable! He is the greatest treasure in the world!

Since Christ is of such great value, his gifts are valuable because they are from Him and for Him. There are many exceedingly great treasures that He gives His people to impart and reflect His great worth.   Even if I wrote 10,000 pages listing them, it would not be exhaustive so great is His goodness and kindness towards us in the gifts he has given!

Yet there is one gift I have come to greatly appreciate that is often unrecognized among the church, surrounded as this gift so often is with muck and mess…the gift of expressive movement/dance. It is discarded not only by its outright rejection in all of its forms by many churches, but also by being given little or no attention.   After fifteen years researching dance in the Bible and church history, I am still shocked at how little has been written or taught on it. This is the case even though it is, universally, one of the primary expressions of people’s hearts and cultures. I am convinced that when the church comes to see the value of this gift, it will be worth whatever refining process is necessary to see it received and given for the glory of God.

The Necessity of the Sanctification of Dance

2 Timothy 2:20-22 “Now in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and silver but also of wood and clay, some for honorable use, some for dishonorable. Therefore, if anyone cleanses himself from what is dishonorable, he will be a vessel for honorable use, set apart as holy, useful to the master of the house, ready for every good work. So flee youthful passions and pursue righteousness, faith, love, and peace, along with those who call on the Lord from a pure heart.”

             After our train ride, we visited the oldest working silver processing machine still working today. It filled an entire warehouse and was filled with belts, pulleys, presses, and all kinds of creative ingenuity that baffled by non-mechanical mind. Its purpose was to process the ore and extract the silver. This process was absolutely necessary. Though the ore contained value, it couldn’t be used or seen as valuable until it went through this purification process. Our tour guide, who looked like he stepped out of history himself, explained that this was an extremely loud and messy process. It was not the most fun job, in fact, like mining, it was often hazardous to one’s health, but that didn’t stop hundreds of processing centers from springing up around the town and running day and night. The prize was worth the process!

The verse mentioned above from 2 Timothy 2 speaks of another purification process that is of great value—one worth going through—the sanctification of our hearts and lives for the Lord and his great purposes. While this verse applies in the clear and obvious sense to the entirety of who we are and what we are about, I want to look at an implication regarding expressive movement. As our dances reveal the passions of our souls, our hearts must be the primary target for this sanctifying, cleansing work of the Lord. It must carry over into our actions, movements, and behaviors, but it begins and remains primarily a sanctification of the heart. This process is not neat and tidy; it is messy. It is not often quiet, if we are honest, but filled with many groans, shouts, and tears. When we dance, some of this is seen, and one can feel vulnerable. I believe one of the reasons many people are hesitant to be expressive in front of other people is because they fear their hearts being seen and judged by others. The wood and clay will be seen for what it is, along with the flecks of silver. We often would rather keep all of that hidden. For many leaders, the challenge of this seems overwhelming. People’s lives are often a mess…their hearts a mixture of honorable and dishonorable…and having that exposed publicly and needing to deal with it sounds too challenging and distracting.  The underlying question in deciding to undergo such an intense process for anything is often, “Is it worth it?” My post, “Sanctifying Dance for the Glory of God” aims to provide an introductory attempt to answer that question with regard to expressive movement/dance. My prayer is that many would be inspired to take on this refining process, unto the gift of dance being restored to the people of God for the glory of God.

DANCE AND THE DISHES: Delighting in Jesus in the Midst of Daily Duties


I was a new mom, thrilled with the gift of a baby daughter and filled with vision for raising her unto the glory of God. I couldn’t be more thankful for her life, and the privilege of being able to stay home to nurture her and the other precious children the Lord would give in time. Yet I was also coming to grips with how dramatically my life had changed. My growing responsibilities at home made it necessary to rearrange my schedule and scale back on some of my favorite activities. Some of the highlights of my days were to attend prayer meetings where I was able to worship and seek the Lord with my entire being through the Word, song, and dance. The reality of Psalm 149 filled my heart with great joy!

“Praise the Lord! Sing to the Lord a new song, his praise in the assembly of the godly! Let Israel be glad in his Maker; let the children of Zion rejoice in their King! Let them praise his name with dancing, making melody to him with tambourine and lyre! For the Lord takes pleasure in his people; he adorns the humble with salvation…”

 One evening I had been looking forward to attending a prayer meeting all day. However, I must have had an extra full day because once I had put my baby down for the night, an extremely large pile of dirty dishes lay glaring at me from out of the kitchen sink. I knew what my responsibility was…what would honor my husband, care for our family, and thus glorify God. The dishes had to be done and the prayer meeting missed. I knew that my service mattered to God, no matter how small and mundane. He had been showing me that through his word for several years, preparing me to be a wife and a mom. What I was not prepared for was how he would encounter my heart through his word while I was doing the dishes!

As I was scrubbing and rinsing, thinking about how much I wished I could be at the meeting, the verse from Matthew 28:20 began to resound through my spirit, “And behold I am with you always, to the end of the age.” It felt as if one of the lightening bolts from the throne of heaven (Rev 4:5) must have struck my heart, and I began to weep. The revelation that Jesus was right there with me while I was doing the dishes overwhelmed me! As awesome and right as it is to gather with other believers to seek the Lord in prayer and worship, it was just as right that I seek him with all my heart in the hiddenness of my home, in the midst of my daily duties. He was with me!   He is with me! He will always be with me…to the end! He is worthy of all of my love and life in the great and noble tasks as well as the small and mundane ones. I knelt down and repented for all the times I had despised the daily duties of life as a wife and mom rather than used them as opportunities to encounter and praise Jesus. I acknowledged that one day in his courts is truly better than a thousand elsewhere. (Ps 84:10) Wherever I am, because the spirit of God is dwelling within me, can become the courts of the Lord where I meet him through his word and delight in the joy of his presence! As waves of mercy and joy washed over me, I got up and began to dance and sing. I sang the scriptures that the Lord had brought to mind. I put expressive movements to the songs and verses, and I had a truly glorious time! Every few twirls, I got some dishes cleaned, and by the end of the time, not only was the kitchen clean and put in order, but my heart was freshly cleansed and rightly ordered as well. Ten years later, I can truly say that chore time at my house has never been the same! Yet, I don’t always feel overwhelmed by revelation of the love and glory of God. I can still be tempted to see my ever- increasing (now that I have five children) daily duties as drudgery. In these moments, as the Lord gives me grace to fix my mind on his glorious word, to open my mouth and begin to sing his wonders, and to move my hands and feet to express the joy of my great salvation through Christ, the joy of the Lord floods my heart and strengthens me with grace for another round of laundry, dishes, wiping, and working….not to mention the eternal work of loving my husband, children, and neighbors for his glory!

I know that I am not alone in the desire and struggle for delight in the midst of duty. Gloria Furman has written two books recently, Glimpses of Grace and Treasuring Christ when your Hands are Full that have encouraged my heart to continue to press on in this regard. In addition to singing, dancing, and praying Scripture, I also find that my spirit is strengthened with grace in the middle of routine tasks when I listen to Christ centered, Bible based sermons and meditate/memorize scriptures that speak to the anxieties and concerns on my mind. There is nothing more thrilling than growing in the knowledge of God! The command of the Lord in Philippians 4:4, “Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, Rejoice!” has become a compelling invitation to delight in the living God in the midst of all the diverse moments of my days. He has turned drudgery into dancing to the praise of His glorious grace!



Sanctifying Dance for the Glory of God


In his 2013 national conference message, What God Made is Good–and Must Be Sanctified: C.S. Lewis and St. Paul on the Use of Creation, John Piper expounds on 1 Timothy 4:1-4.

Now the Spirit expressly says that in the later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, through the insincerity of liars whose consciences are seared, who forbid marriage and require abstinence from foods that God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth. For everything created by God is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving, for it is made holy by the word of God and prayer.

As Piper expounds, “The issue is: How are we to experience the material creation (which of course, includes our bodies, and everything we encounter with our five senses) in such a way that God is worshiped, honored, loved, and supremely treasured in our experience of material creation?” In 1 Timothy 4, the specific things being addressed are food and marriage (sex), but the foundational revelation by which they are interpreted is clearly meant to be applied to a much wider range of our interaction with the world around us. As Piper says, “this world and every pleasure in it is designed for the worship of the true God.” Thus it is of vital importance that we give thought to how then, in fact, we can engage with every particular aspect of God’s creation for His glory. This essay provides an introductory overview of the way expressive movement (dance) can be sanctified for the glory of God.

Glorify God in your Body

In the good purpose and design of God, we have been created as embodied souls.  In this life our bodies can not be separated from our spirit. Because of sin, the separation of our body and spirit is a reality at death.  Yet this separation is only temporary!  One of the glorious truths of the gospel is that Christ, in taking on human flesh forever, will redeem and resurrect physical bodies, transforming the saints into the likeness of His glorified body.  The significance of Jesus, the second person of the Trinity, having a body for the rest of eternity should not be underestimated! Throughout Scripture, we are commanded to honor and love the Lord with all that we are, including our bodies. God means to have the fullness of his children worshipping him in the beauty of holiness.

1 Cor 6:19, “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God?  You are not your own, for you were bought with a price.  So glorify God in your body.”  

 Deuteronomy 5:6, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might.”

Romans 12: 1, “I appeal to you therefore brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.”

There are many varied and beautiful ways we can fulfill this call to love, worship, and thus glorify God with all that we are. Dance, as an expression of our love for Jesus, is one such way. There are as many ideas of what is meant by the word “dance” as there are people in the world, but what I am talking about is not a specific style of dance or movement. It is not something only those with years of training can do. The broad definition of dance I am working with is movement that is expressive of the heart, usually accompanying music and/or rhythmic lyrics.

Worldly Dance versus Godly Dance

In much of our culture, dance is synonymous with sensuality and is thus notoriously frowned upon and forbidden by many Christian churches. One only has to flip through TV channels or browse the internet to see dancing figures promoting countless products and promises of fleshly enjoyment. It is easy to see how Satan has used the sensual delights of dance to turn hearts away from the true God so that people look to a creature for the satisfaction of their souls rather than the Creator. The Bible also reveals several examples of dances that were acts of idolatrous worship (Exodus 32) and wicked manipulation (Mark 6:22). Expressive movement is a powerful way to testify to the reality of what is happening on the inside of us! It is no surprise then, that among unbelievers, sinful desires are often made shockingly evident through dance. When the lusts of the flesh are reigning supreme, a dance can unleash great wickedness..such as took place leading to the execution of John the Baptist (Mark 6). This power to both reveal and allure hearts has caused dance to be feared and often condemned over much of the history of the church.

But it need not be so! Dance itself is not inherently evil. Yes, the Deceiver has almost entirely stolen and corrupted its use for his own evil desires across the earth, but he is not the one who created the body to leap when the heart is joyful or sway to the rhythms of music. Colossians 1:16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities–all things were created through him and for him. God created dance as a way to express the heart and delight the soul. This is a gift of His common grace to all mankind. Too often people have “delighted” themselves in a dance of darkness, spiritually speaking. Yet, God designed it as an instrument of the praise of His glory.

Psalm 149:3 “Let them praise his name with dancing.” Psalm 150:4 “Praise Him with tambourine and dance..”

The first heart-response to the incarnate Son of God recorded in Scripture was a dance that took place in the hiddenness of the womb when John, filled with the Holy Spirit, leaped for joy at the presence of Jesus (Luke 1:44). In fact, John the Baptist’s life begins and ends with a dance! In the end, the joyful dance of John triumphed over the sensual dance that prompted his execution. John’s great joy in the presence of Jesus will have no end whereas the dance of his enemy has been forever exposed in Scripture to be a weak and futile, momentary attempt to thwart the purposes of God. The dance of the redeemed, as it flows out of genuine joy in Jesus and a desire to see him exalted should cause the enemy to tremble and flee, rather than the church fleeing from all physical expressions of worship. Dance is a gift from God to be received with thanksgiving. It is one of the most powerful expressions of joy the Lord has given us! What then are the implications of loving a God in whose presence is fullness of joy?! (Ps 16:11) Is it any surprise then that Biblically, dance is associated with victory, joy, salvation, healing, restoration, and praise?

To reject dance entirely is to follow the same trajectory as those in 1 Timothy 4 who were forbidding marriage and food under the auspices or religious asceticism. It is taking what God created good and calling it in every form wicked. Piper in his teaching makes note that, “Satan uses both sensual indulgence and abstinence to turn hearts away from the true God.” The one thing the enemy does not want is for the gifts of God to be used in a way that glorifies and honor God. In his attempt to mar and steal the glory of God, Satan would rather us idolize God’s gifts or reject them completely. Forbidding dance entirely, while making it seem easier to restrain fleshly indulgences, actually inhibits the full glory the Lord desires to receive through what He has made.

Because most dance in this world is not God-glorifying worship, it can be genuinely challenging to see how it can truly honor the Lord. In order to glorify God and not self, it must be sanctified. In fact, the dancer must be sanctified, body, soul, and spirit. The distinction between the essence of worship and its expression in dance is crucial to understand to this end. Piper’s definition of sanctifying something is, “setting it apart as a means of expressing the infinite worth of God.” Godly dance requires a heart submitted joyfully to God’s Word and a desire to see Jesus exalted above all. He is after worship in spirit and truth (John 4), and this is therefore the primary litmus test as to whether our dance honors Him or not. It must be flowing from a heart that has truly encountered the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ through His Word and is responding in love to Him on the basis of that glorious revelation. No matter how beautiful or graceful, a dance that is not from this place does not honor God. The movements themselves are worshipful only in as much as they are a genuine expression of the affection, adoration, and desire of our hearts for God. Integrity requires that a dance for Jesus is but one small piece of an entire life lived for the glory of God. When this is true of a person, expressive movement offered, in the beauty of holiness, as a testimony to the very great Salvation He has worked on their behalf, magnifies Christ.

Dance was Designed to Glorify God

The primary purpose of dance as revealed through Scripture is to declare the glory of God. This glorious purpose can be seen in the following three passages: Exodus 15, 2 Samuel 6, and Luke 15. In Exodus 15, Israel had just been stunningly delivered from Egypt and led across the Red Sea on dry land. Moses led the people of Israel in a triumphant song of praise to the Lord declaring his glory, honor, and power revealed in the mighty salvation He had worked on their behalf. Miriam then took up her tambourine and led the women in a dance to this magnificent song of deliverance. It was a fitting response to so great a salvation! Throughout the Old Testament there are references to the dances of the Israelite women being a sign that the Salvation of the Lord has come to His people. (Is 52:7, 1 Sam 18:6, Jer 31:4, 13)

Women are not the only dancers in the Bible. Several of David’s Psalms refer to dancing, (Ps 30:11, 87:7 149, 150 among others) and his own famous dance is recorded in 2 Samuel 6. “And David danced before the Lord with all his might.” He responded with unrestrained joy at the ark of the covenant being restored to the people of God. This was a remarkable response to the Presence of God returning to his people. As he faced the derision of his wife Michal, David revealed that it was the Lord’s presence and approval that was the motivation of his extravagant display. As a man after God’s heart, through the anointing of the Spirit, he had written Psalm 16:11 testifying to fullness of joy being found in the presence of the Lord. His mourning had been turned to dancing because the Lord had restored Himself in the midst of his people.

The New Testament reinforces this connection between dancing, joy, and salvation in the parable of the Prodigal Son in Luke 15. When the lost son returns home and is restored in the loving presence of his father, a celebration including music and dancing was the appropriate response. In Luke 15:32, the father says, “It was fitting to celebrate and be glad, for this your brother was dead, and is alive; he was lost, and is found.”

The Gospel is the Reason we Dance

If rejoicing with song and dance was called for at the Exodus, the return of the Ark, and the return of the prodigal, how much more fitting is it among the church of the living God! For, we celebrate a much greater exodus from sin and death and have received salvation unto an eternal inheritance! (Colossians 1:12-14) We have the presence of the Holy Spirit, not in a box behind a veil, but on the inside of us! (Ephesians 1:13-14) We have been adopted and welcomed by our heavenly Father though we were far off and hostile to Him. (Galatians 4: 4-7) All of this was accomplished through the death and resurrection of Jesus on our behalf for the glory of God. We should dance like no other people on the face of the earth!

The Dance of Faith

Truly, no matter what our circumstances, even when we face hardship and persecution, we have a reason to dance! Jesus in fact calls us to rejoice and leap for joy when we are persecuted (Luke 6:23) because the greater reality of our lives is that we are blessed by God. A dance of joy to God in moments of great trial testifies to the One who has the weightier word over our lives. Because nothing can separate us from the love of God in Christ (Rom. 8), nothing can separate us from our joy. No one can turn our dancing to mourning! This does not mean that we will not mourn at all. We groan for the fullness of redemption to be revealed, and we are called to weep with those who weep. (Romans 12:15) But, our mourning does not have the final word! It is temporal. It is filled with hope. Even as we pour out our souls to the Lord with tears, we can set our hearts on the truth of God that is revealed in his word about who He is and the glorious greatness of His promises…such as the psalm that those who weep in tears will reap with shouts of joy! (Psalm 126:5) As a response to such a word, we can dance. Such a dance of faith speaks volumes about the worth of Christ. It is a testimony of His sweet sufficiency in all things…of the joy of His presence…of His mighty Salvation! It is a sight that might even bring our persecutors to repentance. Who else, but the children of God, would dare to dance when facing great trial?

As the dances of the children of God reflect their joy in God, they must be radically different in spirit than the dances of the world. They should be childlike, not caring about the approval of man but delighting in God. They should be humble and modest, aiming to draw attention to Christ and not to themselves. They must be pure. Above all, they should be passionate and extravagant! By this I mean that they should communicate that there is no greater joy, no higher good, no one more worthy than Jesus Christ than to receive all of our love and life.

Incorporating Dance into Corporate Worship

Dance, because of its nature and history, should be incorporated into the life of a local church in the context of much prayer and careful, Bible based wisdom. Psalm 149 and 150 which both call forth dance as a legitimate way to praise the Lord are in the context of the assembly of the godly. In fact, most references to dance in the Bible are in a corporate setting, though not a social one. This is no light or flippant thing. It is not about being cool or culturally relevant. It is not entertainment. It is about the testimony of Jesus going forth for the edification of the church and the salvation of the lost. In the context of a corporate worship setting, careful shepherding will be required by the elders of the congregation that the purity and focus of the worship service stays fixed on Christ. Great safety for the flock of God will come when clear guidelines, Biblical teaching, and intentional discipleship regarding expressive movement are given to the church as a means of grace, facilitating true embodied worship unto the glory of God. It is my prayer that as dance is sanctified in the midst of God’s people, it will be increasingly seen and embraced as a gift of God, a means of grace given to “taste and see that the Lord is good.” (Psalm 34:8)

Jesus Sets Captives Free!

This past week I had the privilege of leading a team of dancers to minister at The Next Door ministry in Knoxville.  We went as part of a larger team from Fully Alive Ministries and Christ Church Knoxville to lead a Bible study for women who are in desperate need of having their lives restored and set free from great bondage.  My wonderful mom-in-law, Kathy Tarr, passionately and tenderly spoke the heart of God over them from John 4 which tells of Jesus and His encounter with the Samaritan women at the well.  As we worshipped over the Word and in song, I could see hard hearts being softened and blind eyes being opened.  If Jesus loved and transformed a woman such as the Samaritan, living a life of great sin and shame, surely there was hope for them too, I believe many were thinking.  In fact, it was what I was thinking too, as the gospel of Jesus Christ pierced my own heart afresh.  The truth that Jesus set His affections upon me and gave Himself for me, not because of anything in me, but while I was full of sin and hostile towards Him (Ephesians 2) overwhelmed me anew with the glory of His great love and mercy.

Truly Jesus came, and continues to come by His Holy Spirit, to fulfill the words of Isaiah 61, “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the poor, he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of prison to those who are bound, the proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn;  to grant to those who mourn in Zion–to give them a beautiful headdress instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the garment of praise instead of a faint spirit;  that they may be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he may be glorified.”

After the testimony of Jesus had gone forth in song, Word, and testimonies of salvation, our little team of dancers stepped forward to minister a song by Matt Gilman,  Every Captive Free whose lyrics draw from this very passage among others.  In the dance, three women are covered with black blankets with words of bondages written on them such as depression, addiction, immorality, anger..etc.  A dancer representing the Spirit of Jesus comes out and one by one begins to set these women free.  As each woman arises, she begins to dance the same dance of freedom over the others that are still bound as a picture of the beautiful ministry of the Church as the body of Christ to proclaim His glorious gospel.  Truly our own hearts were encountered by the love of Jesus for these women, even bringing several of us to tears while we were dancing.  At the end of the dance, as a call to turn from the their life of sin and receive the free gift of eternal life in Jesus was put forward, the great majority of the women responded to His invitation.  There were many tears, many smiles, many hugs, and resounding songs of praise going forth from that home that night.  Jesus was setting captives free!